Causes, Symptoms and Prevention Of Bone Osteoporosis
Bone osteoporosis is a disease of bones in which is caused by weaker bones and risk of fracture is increased as the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced. There are multiple causes of Osteoporosis and usually Osteoporosis is without symptoms. Osteoporosis disease may be classified as either primary type 1 or type 2 and secondary osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is very common problem in women after menopause and for this reason doctors’ advice pregnant women to specially take Calcium and Vitamin D. Pregnancy Osteoporosis referred to as primary type 1. Primary type 2 osteoporosis or senile osteoporosis occurs at age 75 years and older and is usually very common in both females and males. Treatment of mild Osteoporosis is to exercise and strength workouts as exercise help prevention of Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis generally will not show any of symptoms or signs. Also Osteoporosis problem does not distinguish between genders secondary osteoporosis can come at any age, and affects both of sexes men and women equally. Usually a leading cause of this type of osteoporosis is a result of long term usage of certain steroids and medications like prednisone.
The risk of osteoporosis can be reduced with lifestyle changes and sometimes medication. The main causes of Osteoporosis can be low use of dairy foods, lack of exposure to sunlight etc. Please living in basements or places where they have very less exposure to sunlight are at high risk for developing this bone thinning and weakness problems. Lifestyle change is very important in osteoporosis and can be leading cause in development of this disease to start with. Mostly the strength exercise along with adequate Calcium and Vitamin D can definitely help to slow bone loss. This includes diet and exercise, and preventive measures from falls. Certain medicines like calcium, vitamin D, bisphosphonates etc. Bisphosphonates is the first choice of drug.
Symptoms of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis usually does not have specific symptoms and in this sense it Is a real dangerous problem because by the time a patient would come to know that he has Osteoporosis it usually too late. Normally it occurs in those situations where healthy people would not break a bone.
Diagnosis of osteoporosis disease
The diagnosis and finding of osteoporosis is done by doing simple tests like radiography and by measuring the bone mineral density (BMD). However, causes of osteoporosis are diagnosed by conducting blood tests and by asking patient history and what medications he have been on throughout his life and what was his life style. CT scan and MRI are conducted to detect early this disease and cortical thinning substantial amount of bone loss.
Treatment of osteoporosis
There are several medicines available in the market used to treat osteoporosis and your doctor will suggest these depending on the situation. Once the doctor will have your medical report after your tests he will tell the current state of health of the bones and will do the Osteoporosis treatment accordingly. Medications themselves can be classified as antiresorptive or bone anabolic agents. Some people will need immediate attention and will need strong medication if the conditions of their bones is more critical and bones are very thin and weak and they are at much risk of ending up breaking their bones just by normal day activities. Antiresorptive medicines function is primarily the reduction of bone resorption (reverse of absorption) and on the other hand anabolic agents will help Osteoporosis patient build bone and they would not work by inhibit resorption. Anyhow lifestyle changes are also an important aspect of treatment. A major problem is that Osteoporosis is a long term problem and if the patient have already lost too much of their bones they cannot make up for the loss of their bones overnight.. Bisphosphonates are the best choice of drugs. Moreover calcium with vitamin D and exercise is very important.