Types of Ulcers
Before jumping to the types and reasons of Ulcers in humans we must understand what Ulcer is. Ulcer is a problems occurring in digestive system and wounds will start appearing in the lining of digestive track in human beings. The digestive track of human beings is very sensitive and the health of digestive track can be good or bad and depends on many factors. There can be many reasons for Ulcers and some reasons can be quite simple while other can be quite complex and can be a sign of other more complex diseases. Digestive tract in human beings consists of mouth, stomach, esophagus, duodenum which is the starting point of our intestines and then the intestines itself. Ulcers can be there in any part of our digestive system for various reasons but most of the time Ulcers are located in the duodenum.
Some of the most common types of ulcers are peptic ulcers , gastric ulcers and Duodenal ulcers. Ulcers are named for their location within the body. Sometimes ulcers can also be diagnosed by examining the mouth and tongue of the effected patient to detect and find the type of Ulcer. Some other type of Ulcers however will take other method for diagnoses. There are also other types of ulcers which are relatively less common and among them are Stress Ulcers, Bleeding Ulcers, esophageal ulcers and Refractory Ulcers.
1: Peptic Ulcer
Pepsin exposed ulcers are called peptic ulcers. Peptic Ulcer is the most common type in the gastrointestinal tract area. Most common type of treatment used for Peptic Ulcer is to use anti acids. These ulcers are most often found in the lining of your stomach or duodenum. Pepsin in human beings is normally there in the stomach lining with hydrochloric acid. Some patients will also have to take antibiotics as a treatment for Peptic Ulcer.
2: Gastric Ulcer
When a peptic ulcer occurs in your stomach, it is called a gastric ulcer. The symptoms of gastric ulcers are more defined than other ulcers. The bacterium called H. pylori cause this type of Ulcer. Antacids are used as a treatment option of Gastric Ulcer. Usually the patient starts to feel well after two three weeks of using antacids. Also the Ulcer patients are advised not to use to much oily and greasy foods and also asked to limit the consumption of foods that are acidic.
3: Duodenal Ulcer
Duodenal ulcers is another kind of peptic ulcers but located in the duodenum. Duodenum ulcers are usually benign however doctors may take a biopsy to make sure that they are benign. Usually patients feel a burning sensation and heartburn feelings .Duodenum ulcers will usually begin in the starting point of the small intestine and are this type of Ulcer is much common in western societies than any other.
Four less common types are following;
1: Esophageal Ulcer
Esophageal Ulcer usually occurs in the lower end of a patient esophagus. Esophageal ulcers as other types of Ulcers are caused by the harmful bacteria and that is why most doctors will recommend their patients to use antibiotics to kill these harmful bacteria. Esophageal Ulcer patients may also feel a lot of pain some times and this pain will increase as the Ulcer will come in contact with the acid present in the stomach. The patient may also feel difficulty in swallowing and may not eat normally. If this is the case than one must have to be more careful and chew the food very thoroughly before eating as it can be extremely painful in the throat.
2: Bleeding Ulcer
Sometime internal bleeding is caused by a peptic ulcer if that ulcer has been left untreated for a long time. When this occurs, it is now referred to as a bleeding ulcer and is the most dangerous type of ulcer. It requires an immediate treatment.
3: Refractory Ulcer
Simple peptic ulcers that have not healed after at least 3 months of treatment are called refractory ulcers.
4: Stress Ulcer
Stress ulcers consist of a group of lesions and usually found in the esophagus, the stomach or the duodenum. Stress Ulcer is normally present in the people who have other illness or are critically ill. Stress Ulcer is will usually go automatically once the stress level goes down. However if the condition of Stress Ulcer is not relieved than it is advised to see your doctor to ask for his opinion.